1836 Census of Ottawa and Chippewa Half Breeds

A Census Register


HEADING FROM CENSUS: Of all the men women and children, coming within the Sixth Article of the Treaty (see below) made with the Ottawa and Chippewa Nations of Indians, on the 28th of March 1836, specifying the places of residence; age (as near as can be ascertained) relationship to the Indians, decision upon each case and the action thereon as made out by the Commissioner appointed under said treaty and submitted to and ratified by said Indians in open council on the Twenty fourth day of September 1836.


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Michilimackinac September 24th 1836.

This may certify that the forgoing list of the Claimants under the 6th article of this treaty made with the Ottawa & Chippewa nations of Indians on the 28th of March 1836. This has been submitted to the undersigned Chiefs of said nations and the decisions therein approved by as respectively and ??? and do also approve of Sanction the classification of said claimants as therin set forth.

  • Of L'Arbre Croche:
    • Apawkozigun his mark x
    • Nisowakeout his mark x
    • Kemmechanegun his mark x
  • Of Point Traverse:
    • Aishquagonabee his mark x
    • Chabawusson his mark x
    • Mikenok his mark x
  • On Moskego:
    • Osawya his mark x
    • Owun Aishkum his mark x
  • On Grand River:
    • Nawequa Geezhig his mark x
    • Namattipy his mark x
    • Winnimissagee his mark x
    • Nabbun Egeezhug his mark x
    • Wabi Windego his mark x
    • Cawpee Mosay his mark x
    • Mukutay Oguot his mark x
    • Megiss Ininee his mark x
    • Muccutay Osha his mark x
  • On the Manistee North:
    • Mukons Ewyan his mark x
  • At Oak Point:
    • Ains his mark x
  • At the Cheneaux:
    • Chabowaywa his mark x
  • At Sault Ste. Marie:
    • Iawbawabick his mark x
    • Kewayzi Shawano
  • At Gr - page torn
    • Oshawa Eponaysee his mark x
  • Page Torn
    • Chingassamo his mark x

Bottom edge of page has another Chief's signature that is unreadable due to deterioration at time of filming.

Witnesses present: (note some are unreadable)
??? ????
??? ????
John Clutz, Capt 2nd ??
Edwin C. Litchfield, Sec. to Comm.
Henry Wh?ting, Mayor ???
Henry Schoolcraft





This article gives information on how each class was chosen for each person and also the relationships used for To Whom Payable.


The said Indians being desirous of making provision for their half-breed relatives, and the President having determined, that individual reservations shall not be granted, it is agreed, that in lieu thereof, the sum of one hundred and fifty thousand dollars shall be set apart as a fund for said half-breeds. No person shall be entitled to any part of said fund, unless he is of Indian descent and actually resident within the boundaries described in the first article of this treaty, nor shall any thing be allowed to any such person, who may have received any allowance at any previous Indian treaty. The following principles, shall regulate the distribution. A census shall be taken of all the men, women, and children, coming within this article. As the Indians hold in higher consideration, some of their half-breeds than others, and as there is much difference in their capacity to use and take care of property, and consequently, in their power to aid their Indian connexions, which furnishes a strong ground for this claim, it is, therefore, agreed, that at the council to be held upon this subject, the commissioner shall call upon the Indian chiefs to designate, if they require it, three classes of these claimants, the first of which, shall receive one-half more than the second, and the second, double the third. Each man, woman, and child shall be enumerated, and an equal share, in the respective classes, shall be allowed to each. If the father is living with the family, he shall receive the shares of himself, wife and children. If the father is dead, or separated from the family, and the mother is living with the family, she shall have her own share, and that of the children. If the father and mother are neither living with the family, or if the children are orphans, their share shall be retained till they are twenty-one years of age; provided, that such portions of it as may be necessary may, under the direction of the President, be from time to time supplied for their support. All other persons at the age of twenty-one years, shall receive their shares agreeably to the proper class. Out of the said fund of one hundred and fifty thousand dollars, the sum of five thousand dollars shall be reserved to be applied, under the direction of the President, to the support of such of the poor half-breeds, as may require assistance, to be expended in annual installments for the term of ten years, commencing with the second year. Such of the half-breeds, as may be judged incapable of making a proper use of the money, allowed them by the commissioner, shall receive the same installments, as the President may direct.


Transcript of the Treaty. - also contains many names and those who received money.


Source: Indian census, Ottawa and Chippawa [sic] Nations, 1836 on microfilm.

Page Author: Patricia Hamp