1836 Census of Ottawa and Chippewa Half Breeds
A Census Register
HEADING FROM CENSUS: Of all the men women and children,
coming within the Sixth Article of the Treaty (see
below) made with the Ottawa and Chippewa Nations of Indians,
on the 28th of March 1836, specifying the places of residence;
age (as near as can be ascertained) relationship to the Indians,
decision upon each case and the action thereon as made out by
the Commissioner appointed under said treaty and submitted to
and ratified by said Indians in open council on the Twenty
fourth day of September 1836.
Michilimackinac September 24th 1836.
This may certify that the forgoing list of the Claimants under the 6th
article of this treaty made with the Ottawa & Chippewa nations of Indians on
the 28th of March 1836. This has been submitted to the undersigned Chiefs of
said nations and the decisions therein approved by as respectively and ???
and do also approve of Sanction the classification of said claimants as
therin set forth.
- Of L'Arbre Croche:
- Apawkozigun his mark x
- Nisowakeout his mark x
- Kemmechanegun his mark x
- Of Point Traverse:
- Aishquagonabee his mark x
- Chabawusson his mark x
- Mikenok his mark x
- On Moskego:
- Osawya his mark x
- Owun Aishkum his mark x
- On Grand River:
- Nawequa Geezhig his mark x
- Namattipy his mark x
- Winnimissagee his mark x
- Nabbun Egeezhug his mark x
- Wabi Windego his mark x
- Cawpee Mosay his mark x
- Mukutay Oguot his mark x
- Megiss Ininee his mark x
- Muccutay Osha his mark x
- On the Manistee North:
- At Oak Point:
- At the Cheneaux:
- At Sault Ste. Marie:
- Iawbawabick his mark x
- Kewayzi Shawano
- At Gr - page torn
- Oshawa Eponaysee his mark x
- Page Torn
Bottom edge of page has another Chief's signature that
is unreadable due to deterioration at time of filming.
Witnesses present: (note some are unreadable)
John Clutz, Capt 2nd ??
Edwin C. Litchfield, Sec. to Comm.
Henry Wh?ting, Mayor ???
This article gives information on how each class was
chosen for each person and also the relationships used for To Whom Payable.
The said Indians being desirous of making provision for their half-breed
relatives, and the President having determined, that individual reservations
shall not be granted, it is agreed, that in lieu thereof, the sum of one
hundred and fifty thousand dollars shall be set apart as a fund for said
half-breeds. No person shall be entitled to any part of said fund, unless he
is of Indian descent and actually resident within the boundaries described
in the first article of this treaty, nor shall any thing be allowed to any
such person, who may have received any allowance at any previous Indian
treaty. The following principles, shall regulate the distribution. A census
shall be taken of all the men, women, and children, coming within this
article. As the Indians hold in higher consideration, some of their
half-breeds than others, and as there is much difference in their capacity
to use and take care of property, and consequently, in their power to aid
their Indian connexions, which furnishes a strong ground for this claim, it
is, therefore, agreed, that at the council to be held upon this subject, the
commissioner shall call upon the Indian chiefs to designate, if they require
it, three classes of these claimants, the first of which, shall receive
one-half more than the second, and the second, double the third. Each man,
woman, and child shall be enumerated, and an equal share, in the respective
classes, shall be allowed to each. If the father is living with the family,
he shall receive the shares of himself, wife and children. If the father is
dead, or separated from the family, and the mother is living with the
family, she shall have her own share, and that of the children. If the
father and mother are neither living with the family, or if the children are
orphans, their share shall be retained till they are twenty-one years of
age; provided, that such portions of it as may be necessary may, under the
direction of the President, be from time to time supplied for their support.
All other persons at the age of twenty-one years, shall receive their shares
agreeably to the proper class. Out of the said fund of one hundred and fifty
thousand dollars, the sum of five thousand dollars shall be reserved to be
applied, under the direction of the President, to the support of such of the
poor half-breeds, as may require assistance, to be expended in annual
installments for the term of ten years, commencing with the second year.
Such of the half-breeds, as may be judged incapable of making a proper use
of the money, allowed them by the commissioner, shall receive the same
installments, as the President may direct.
Transcript of the Treaty. - also contains many names and those who received
Source: Indian census, Ottawa and Chippawa [sic] Nations, 1836 on microfilm.
Page Author: Patricia Hamp